The cattle is the biggest source of milk and meat, mostly reared by the Fulani nomads in Nigeria. They travel from north to south each year to compensate for the lack of rain in the arid north. In this rather primitive ordeal lies a wealth of treasure. Cattle rearing is the biggest source of meat and milk in the country. Tapping into this opportunity presents one with hundreds of thousands of Naira each month in profits revenue. Although in a more advanced form of cattle rearing than the nomadic style.
This rearing model will focus on buying young cattle (older than calves), fattening them till they are fully grown and big enough to be sold in the open market. This may take up to a year or two depending on the size and age of cattle you bought. Below are some beginner tips to guide you on how to start cattle rearing for a living. If you have the resources to start a big time, large-scale cattle farming business, this is what you do.
The following should be noted when starting a cattle production.
1. Choose a form of cattle production
There are three basic forms of cattle production you can use
- 1. Beef Brand; This form is mainly for beef production. They will allow cattle to thrive on large farm lands until they mature to the point of slaughter for beef making.
2. Dairy Brand; This involves the production of milk and milk products.
3. Mixed Brand; This is just the combination of the beef and dairy brand.
2. Get a good farmland
There are two basic ways to get a farmland. A cattle farmer might consider leasing a farm land or buying a farmland. Ensure you understand properly the leasing agreement and ensure they are duly signed. Make sure you get a good farmland with optimum climate conditions for your animals. Also consider availability or proximity to cattle feed. Then consider the topography of the land to make sure that your farmland is not susceptible to flooding or other forms of land degradation. Finally, check if there is a government policy on cattle farming in the region before you pay for the land.
3. Get your animal stock
Visit cattle farms and get healthy stock for your farm. Your attention must be focused on getting healthy and fit cattle and make sure you visit a farm that is well known for assurance that you won’t get swindled. Also take into considerations what breed of cattle you will need.
4. Get the Required Equipment
The brand you choose will certainly determine the type of equipment needed for your cattle farming. You will need a Cow shed, the feeding equipment and the watering equipment. Ensure they are all in good conditions.
5. Maintain proper management
This part needs more than just checking up on them regularly. To manage cattle well, you will have to understand what diseases hinders cattle proper growth, how to regularly check their health status and the type of reproduction method to adapt to. It helps to visit a well-known cattle farmer and make consultations on what the best practices are. Also have a competent animal doctor on speed dial.
Relate with other farmers so that you will have a support structure you can count on when you don’t understand things. This will help you run a proper farm and make good returns on your investment. You will find such groups online. If you are hiring farm hands, make sure they receive proper training so that their ignorance or negligence does not cripple your business.
6. Register Your Business
Cattle farming is big business. You don’t want to approach it as an individual. So get your business registered. It will be easier to access funding and government support as a registered business than as an individual. Don’t sleep on this.