Medication in poultry is not just taking drugs and administering to your flock. There is more to it. Often times, people get it wrong due to the following reasons;
- 1. Wrong administration of drugs: Wrong administration of drug in terms of quantity and amount of water mixture often times leads to ineffectiveness of drugs or over reaction of drug your bird.
- Combining two different brands that are the same product/composition unknowingly; active ingredients should be checked before use.
- Leaving medicated water for more than 24 hours. Medicated water should only be used for a specified time during the day as specified by the manufacturer except other wise stated.
- 2. Stop drug administration when symptoms stop: Some drugs are quite effective when used and birds shows quick signs of recovery. However, symptoms seems to return after few days. It is thus better to use drugs as rightly prescribed by manufacturer so as to be sure of the effect of drug used.
- 3. Self-administration: Beyond drug administration, it is important get an experienced veterinarian to do the drug administration and not to self-administer drugs.
- 4. Combining incompatible drugs: Many people are fond of combining different drugs speed up healing and recovery of sick birds. This however is not ideal and might worsen the condition, cause allergic reactions, reduce potency birds etc. Thus this shouldn’t be done.
- Multivitamins is not advisable go with anti coccidial, antibiotics.
- Penicillin is not advisable to go with tetracyclines, Aminoglycosides
- Anticoccidial shouldn’t be used in a flock were coccidiosis vaccine is used
- Organic preparation is not advisable to go with synthetic drugs
- Some ionophores like salinomycin should not be fed turkeys
- Ionophores should not go with tiamulin
- Calcium affects tetracycline absorption
- 5. Failure to do sensitivity test: Sensitivity test will help you know the right drug to use for the flock
- 6. Not observing withdrawal period: most drugs administered needs time to get off the body the animal before consuming it.
- 7. Administering based on assumption: most farmers assume that a tablespoon is 10 grams while a teaspoon is 5 grams. No drugs weigh the same, some are heavy while some are light. There is the need to get a digital scale and weigh your drugs before use.
Lastly, always consult your veterinarian animal production/ science/health personnel.